A. It's rare for insurance company failures, but it does happen.
According to Weiss and their rating scale; only 3 B rated companies have failed over the past 7 years.
- Shenandoah Life
- American Community Mutual
- Triad Guaranty Assurance Co.
What Happens If A Failure Happened
In the event a insurance failure happens, typically the State Guarantee Association (SGA) will step in.
SGA is not insurance. It is an assurance that the insurance companies operate in a state will all have to contribute to. In the event of a company goes under, SGA will first put limitations on access to the insurer's funds to prevent a run on the company, then it will try to find a suitable company to buy up blocks of business from the failing company. Its last resort is to make a calculation on the covered amount for each policy (varies by state), and pay out to the policy holder.